By Ed Burr
Key to the chart and notes:
A – A careful reading of the text, charts, and cited scriptures is important. Unless otherwise indicated, the scripture citations refer to the New American Standard (1995) version of the Bible.
B – Except as noted, all year dates begin with Abib 1 (March (Gregorian) or April (G)) of the year shown on the basis of Ex12:1-13:4 (see esp. 12:2 and 13:4). For example, 1446 BC is Abib 1 (March (G)), 1446 BC to Abib 1 (March (G)), 1445 BC. Furthermore, from Nu 28:11-14 (NIV)(see esp. 11 and 14), each month of this year begins with a day of a new moon.* In some years, because a twelve month year in this calendar is shorter than a solar year and because the year must, nevertheless, remain closely tied to the seasons ( the seasons being inextricably linked by the Bible to events fixed by this calendar, such as the gathering of crops and the Feast of Booths in the seventh (Sept/Oct) month (Lev 23:33-39)), a thirteenth month must be added. Each day of this year is reckoned from sunset (Gen 1:1-5) in Jerusalem. It should be further noted that, although similar, this calendar and the modern Jewish calendar are not to be equated.
* The time of the biblical new moon is assumed in this writing to be at least closely approximated by the time of conjunction of the moon with the sun.
C – Because there is no year zero, from 1 BC to 1 AD is not two years, but one. Therefore, the duration from any date BC to any date AD is the years BC plus the years AD minus one. For example, 1000 BC to 2000 AD would not be 3000 years but 1000 + 2000 – 1 = 2999 years.
D – A person’s age is reckoned as designating his year of life in accord with a comparison of Gen 7:6 and 7:11, which give Noah as 600 years old, but still in his 600th year, when the flood began.
E – The dates are consistent with the date of 967 BC for the laying of the foundation of Solomon’s temple which, according to 1 Kings 6:1, 37, took place in the fourth year of his reign (see footnote 1 chart below).
Editorial addition (5/9/16): 967 BC is a commonly cited date for the beginning of Solomon’s temple (see “E”, above) and a date that will be confirmed in these pages.
1 There are 2039 years from Adam to Abram and 730 years from the birth of Abram to the entry of the Israelites into the promised land. See the data below for a complete and detailed construction:
Birth of Seth-4045 BC-130 years after the creation of Adam (Gen 5:3)
Birth of Enosh-3940 BC-105 years after the birth of Seth (Gen 5:6)
Birth of Kenan-3850 BC-90 years after the birth of Enosh (Gen 5:9)
Birth of Mahalalel-3780 BC-70 years after the birth of Kenan (Gen 5:12)
Birth of Jared-3715 BC-65 years after the birth of Mahalalel (Gen 5:15)
Birth of Enoch-3553 BC-162 years after the birth of Jared (Gen 5:18)
Birth of Methuselah-3488 BC-65 years after the birth of Enoch (Gen 5:21)
Birth of Lamech-3301 BC-187 years after the birth of Methuselah (Gen 5:25)
Birth of Noah-3119 BC-182 years after the birth of Lamech (Gen 5:28-29)
Birth of Shem-2616 BC-503 years after the birth of Noah (compare Gen 7:11; 8:13-14; 10:1; and 11:10)
Birth of Arpachshad-2516 BC-When Shem was 100 years old (Gen 11:10)
Birth of Cainan*-2481 BC-35 years after the birth of Arpachshad (compare Luke 3:36 and Gen 11:12)**
Birth of Shelah-2451 BC-30 years after the birth of Cainan*
Birth of Eber-2421 BC-30 years after the birth of Shelah (Gen 11:14)
Birth of Peleg-2387 BC-34 years after the birth of Eber (Gen 11:16)
Birth of Reu-2357 BC-30 years after the birth of Peleg (Gen 11:18)
Birth of Serug-2325 BC-32 years after the birth of Reu (Gen 11:20)
Birth of Nahor-2295 BC-30 years after the birth of Serug (Gen 11:22)
Birth of Terah-2266 BC-29 years after the birth of Nahor (Gen 11:24)
Birth of Abram-2136 BC-130 years after the birth of Terah (Gen 11:32-12:4)
Birth of Isaac-2036 BC-When Abraham was 100 years old (Gen 21:5)
Birth of Jacob-1976 BC-When Isaac was 60 years old (Gen 25:24-26)
Israel Goes to Egypt-1846 BC-Jacob had lived 130 years at this time (Gen 47:1-11)
Exodus from Egypt-1446 BC-400 years after entering Egypt (Gen 15:12-14)
Israel Enters Canaan-1406 BC-40 years after the Exodus (Jos 5:1-6)
1st Temple Foundation-967 BC-In the second month, Ziv (Apr/May (G)),in the 480th year after the Exodus, during Solomon’s fourth year (1 Kings 6:1, 37) ***
* Cainan, the father of Shelah and the son of Arpachshad (Luke 3:35-36), is the only example in the Bible of a name that is part of the genealogy of the genealogical tables of Gen 5:3-32 and 11:10-26 yet is not found in those tables, a fact which, along with other evidence indicates that Cainan is the sole omission. Evidence reinforcing Cainan as the lone omission from the genealogical tables of Gen 5 and 11 and for Cainan as having lived 30 years at the birth of Shelah (see H, below) includes:
A – Perfect symmetry, testifying of design, between the genealogical tables of Gen 5 and 11 would result upon the inclusion of Cainan. Each genealogy would then contain ten patriarchs followed by three sons of the tenth patriarch, thirteen in each genealogy.
B – The genealogical tables are allegorical of the church (for example, the genealogical tables of Genesis 5 and 11 contain part of the genealogy of Christ, the whole of which is found in Luke 3:23-38 beginning with God (Luke 3:38) while Eph 4:4-6 says that God is the father of the church. Further verification is found in Gal 3:6-9, 29 which states that a Christian is a descendant of Abraham) and other strong representations of the church such as Jacob and his twelve sons and Christ and his twelve disciples also total thirteen.
C – The addition of Cainan, by Luke, to the genealogy of Christ makes Cainan the thirteenth patriarch from Adam (Luke 3:36-38) and completes another representation of the church.
D – The tribe of the third (Gen29:31-34) of the twelve sons of Jacob, Levi, the tribe of the priesthood, was, according to a comparison of Dt 18:1-2 and Jos 14:1-5, the lone omission from the inheritance in the land.
E – In parallel with Levi is Cainan, who, as a type of the high priesthood of Christ as third (Luke 3:36) in what is the post flood line of the inheritance (compare Luke 3:23-36 and Heb1:1-2), is omitted from that line in the table of Gen 11:10-26.
F – Both omissions constitute important typology prophetic of the crucifixion of Christ, high priest of the new covenant, and the attempt to steal his inheritance (Mt 21:33-39).
G – Although Christ would die without possession (Mt 8:19-20; 27:35; Dan 9:26) as foreshadowed by the omission of Cainan from the Genesis 11 table, Christ would yet inherit. Cainan’s later, sudden appearance as thirteenth from Adam in the Luke 3 line of the inheritance not only represents the church but, from a comparison of Nu 18:8-32 and Ezk 48:8-22, it foreshadows a portion which is reserved for the Lord. Clearly it is the first portion, yet, as the portion reserved for the Lord, it is also the last. When Jesus broke bread at the last supper he would have placed the first portion at his own setting, distributed to the twelve disciples, only then returning to his portion, the portion now last as well as first, another foreshadowing of what is his own, thirteenth, portion of the inheritance (Ezk 48:1-29) and a prophecy of the fact that, although he would be crucified, as the heir of the portion that is both first and last, he would, in fact, inherit everything (Heb 1:1-2), including, according to Eph 1:11-14, the believers in Christ, that is, the church itself. The breaking of bread is a prophecy, furthermore, that, in accord with Ro 8:12-17, the believers in Christ would inherit with him.
H – Just as it is through the resurrection and high priesthood of Christ that the believer enters the kingdom (Heb 7:24-25; 1 Pet 1:3-4), so it is that Cainan, a foreshadowing of Christ’s resurrection and high priesthood, would have lived 30 (3 x 10) years , signifying the priesthood (compare Nu 4:46-47 and Luke 3:23), at the birth of his son Shelah, fourth in the post flood lineage of Christ, whose birth, as all childbirth, symbolized entry into the kingdom of God (John 3:3).
** Arpachshad, having lived 35 years, became the father of Cainan and is reckoned to have simultaneously become the father of Cainan’s as yet unborn son, Shelah (see Heb 7:1-10 for a similar reckoning). Note, as well, that the reckoning of the births of the third and fourth in the post flood lineage as simultaneous is an allegorical prophecy involving numerology (see esp. H, above) confirmed and fulfilled by, for example, the simultaneity of the future resurrection of the church by the resurrection of Christ (2 Timothy 2:11) and the entry of the church into the kingdom at that time (1 Cor 15:42-57).
*** Solomon’s regnal years were Tishri (the seventh month) (Sept (G)/Oct (G)) to Tishri years and his fourth year should be reckoned Tishri 1 (Sept) 968 to Tishri 1 (Sept) 967 BC. Thus, the foundation of Solomon’s temple was laid in the second month of the year Abib 967 – Abib 966 BC.
2 It is clear that the inheritance in this present earth (Mt5:5) will be divided in a year of jubilee, a year of return to one’s property and family (Lev 25:10), after an ingathering of God’s people (compare Lev 25:10; Ezk 39:27-29; 47:1-14), while the inheritance in the new heaven and new earth (Rev 21:1-7) will be divided in the year of jubilee which first (see the design confirmation here and elsewhere in these pages and Rev 20:1-3) follows the millennium. This year of jubilee immediately follows the brief period, after the millennial kingdom, of Rev 20:3 (during which the events of Rev 20:7-10 take place), the second resurrection, the white throne judgment, and the beginning of the new heaven and new earth (Rev 20:11-21:7). It is also clear that the millennial kingdom (Is 11:6-9; Rev 20:1-6) and the final stage of the kingdom, starting with the beginning of the rule of the saints with Christ in the new heaven and new earth (Rev 22:1-5), both part of God’s rest, begin, respectively, during sabbatical years, years allegorical of that rest, specifically the 49th years immediately preceding these years of jubilee (compare Lev 25:1-10; Dt 15:1-2; Heb 4:1-9). Thus, there are 1029 years from the beginning of the millennium to the final stage of the kingdom (see main chart). Given further that the day of the Lord begins with the great tribulation (compare 2 Thess 2:1-4; Dan 11:36-12:7; Rev 13:5-10; Mt 24:15-21), a period of 1260 days (compare Dan 7:25; Rev 12:14; 12:6) preceding the millennial kingdom (Dan 7:25-27), and ends with the beginning of the final stage of the kingdom in the new heaven and new earth (2 Pet 3:10-13), the day of the Lord is about 1260 days + 1029 years long. With the inclusion of a) a short gap between the end of the great tribulation and the first stage of Christ’s return (Mt 24:29-30), during which will occur the resurrection of two great witnesses (Rev 11:3-12), b) a seven day wedding celebration in heaven (compare Rev 19:7-9 and the foreshadowings of Gen 29:15-28 and Jdg 14:1-12) following the first stage of Christ’s return and the rapture of the church (Mt 24:29-31) (Leah) until the day of the second stage of his return and the salvation of a remnant of Israel (compare Rev 19:7-16 and Zec 14:1-9) (Rachel), and c) another short gap between the second stage of Christ’s return in the middle of the Feast of Booths (as foretold by a comparison of John 7:10-14 and Mal 3:1) and the beginning of the millennial kingdom on the last day of the feast (as foretold by John 7:37-39), the day of the Lord is about 1032.5 years long.
3 Given that the day of the Lord is the sabbath day of history (compare Heb4:9; Joel 2:30-3:21; Is 11:1-12:6 NIV), there are seven days, or about 7227.5 years (7 times about 1032.5 years), from creation through the end of the day of the Lord.
4 According to Lev 25:1-13, God commanded the Israelites at Mount Sinai to begin counting sabbatical years and years of jubilee when they entered the land of Canaan. Since it is clear that the requirements concerning the sabbatical year (Lev 251-7; Dt 15:1-2) will have timely fulfillment on a consistent basis only if the sabbatic cycle is unbroken by the fiftieth (jubilee) year, every fiftieth year overlaps the first year of the next sabbath of years. This is confirmed by Lev 23:15-16 in which the fiftieth day is synonymous with the first day of the following sabbath of days. Thus, a sabbatic/jubilee cycle is a 49 year cycle.
Note further the significance of the fit of the jubilees from the entry to Canaan through the jubilee year (2025 AD) in conjunction with the year (the sabbatical year of 2024 AD) at the beginning of the millennial kingdom, including the significance of their number. Seventy, or seven times ten, signifies, in part, God’s remaining rest (Heb 4:1-9), including the millennial kingdom and the perfection of the church (compare 1 Cor 15:42-57 and Dan 9:24).
5 In addition to the above, facts reinforcing the chronological framework as accurate, including the framework’s indication that 2024 AD is the year of Christ’s return, include:
A – The apostle Paul’s reckoning of participation in sports games, including the running of a race, as analogous to the building of a Christian (see, for example, 1 Cor 9:24-25) is clearly etched into history by God using the example of the Olympic Games along with numerological allegory. During 2024/2025 AD, when Christ and, for many, the end of the race will come, the final year of the 700th Olympiad since the beginning of the Olympiads in 776 BC * will also come.
*One Olympiad consists of four years, with each year probably beginning around summer time.
B – 2024 AD is the 77th year from the rebirth of Israel in 1948 AD, which was a clear fulfillment of the prophetic parable of Mt 24:32-35 as to the coming out of the leaves of the fig tree (Jer 24:1-10), a parable which, along with the context, indicates that at least part of the generation signaled by this event would live to see the events immediately preceding Christ’s return (Mt 23:37-24:35).
C – Given Tishri 968- Tishri 967 BC for the fourth year of Solomon (see key (E) and footnote one (chart and ***)), Solomon’s first full year was T971-T970 BC, while his accession year was T972-T971. Given further that Solomon’s accession year was also the year in which his father and predecessor, David, died, David may be said to have begun his 33 year rule from a throne moved to Jerusalem (1 Kings 2:10-12) in 1004 BC, 1000 years away from a point just months after Christ’s birth in 4 BC. Furthermore, this 1000 years and the years of Christ to Christ’s 30th year foreshadow the time, during the day of the Lord, when Christ will begin his millennial reign from David’s throne (compare Luke 1:30-32 and Rev 20:6) and when, in a 30th year paralleling Christ’s 30th year, the second resurrection will take place (see footnote 1 (H) and main chart).
D – Given T968-T967 BC as the fouth year of Solomon, Solomon’s final year, his 40th (1 Kings 11:42-43), was T932-T931 BC, a year in which the sabbatical year of Abib 931-Abib 930 began, during which Solomon’s son, Rehoboam, acceded and purposed to inflict harder labor on his people with the result that the kingdom was divided between Judah and the northern tribes of Israel (2 Chr 9:30-10:19). A comparison of Lev 26:32-35; Jer 25:8-11; and 2 Chr 36:20-21 indicates a one for one correspondence between each year that Judah spent in its final stage of captivity in Babylon and a sabbatical year that it failed to observe. From the sabbatical year of 931 BC through the sabbatical year of 588 BC, which immediately preceded the beginnlng of the Babylonian captivity of 586, were 50 sabbatical years, inclusive. Subtracting the first of these since the law was observed during the first three years of Rehoboam’s reign (2 Chr 11:17; 12:1), and subtracting, as well, the sabbatical year (700BC) that was kept during the reign of Hezekiah in the year following Sennacherib’s disaster at Jerusalem (2 Kings 19:29-36), gives 48 unobserved sabbatical years, the exact number of years of Judah’s captivity from 586 to 539 BC, inclusive of 539, the year that Babylon fell. *
* The seventy years servitude of nations to Babylon, referred to in Jer 25:11 and 2 Chr 36:20-21, began in 609 BC when Babylon defeated Assyria at Haran and the Assyrian empire came to a close. Note that the prophecy does not indicate that any particular nation would serve Babylon all seventy years. As both secular history and the Bible affirm, Judah did not and only beginning with the captivity of 586 BC was the land of Judah considered desolate and observing its sabbaths (2 Chr 36:20-21). Thus, only 48 years of desolation for Judah had passed when, in 539 BC, Babylon fell, the seventy years came to a conclusion, and, as prophesied, they were then freed to return to their land (Jer 29:10; 2 Chr 36:22-23).
E – Cainan, third in the post diluvian line of the inheritance and thirteenth from Adam, was born (2481 BC – footnote 1 chart) in the fourth year of the first of 39, or 3 x 13, jubilees to Ezekiel the priest’s vision, in the 25th year of the exile (573 BC), of the millennial temple, which, according to the biblical account, will be built upon the thirteenth portion of the inheritance, the portion of Christ (Ezk 40:1-48:29; compare especially Ezk 40:1; 47:1-12; and 48:8-22).
F – Herod’s temple was completed in 64 AD, in the seventh sabbatical year, or 49th year, of the 30th jubilee since the entry of the Israelites into the land of Canaan in 1406 BC. Furthermore, this temple, often regarded as the second, was, in fact, the third, following Solomon’s (1 Kings 6:1, 37 -38), built in the tenth century BC, and Zerubbabel’s (Zec 4:8-9), built in the sixth century BC. Yet, from Hag 2:1-9, the third temple is, indeed, in a sense, synonymous not only with the second temple, but with the first and future fourth (Rev 11:1-2) and fifth (Ezk 47:1-12) temples also, consistent with the fact that all five temples represent Christ (John 2:19-22). The following numerology is revealing: as the first temple was destroyed by Nebachadnezzar (2 Kings 25:8-17), Christ was crucified; as Zerubbabel laid the foundation of the second temple (Zec 4:9), Christ is the cornerstone (Eph 2:19-22) laid in the grave; and as the third temple, completed in the 49th year of the 30th jubilee, was greater and was raised, by Herod, to a greater height (Ant. 15.11.380) than the second, Christ was resurrected.
G – From Jesus’ anointing at his baptism (Mt3:16-17) in 25 AD through 2024 AD, when he will return and reign as king, are exactly 2000 years or 40 (4 x 10) non overlapping jubilees of years, signifying the kingdom.
H – It is clear from Gen 6:1-7:23 (see esp. Gen 6:1-8), that, when God indicated that the days of his striving with humankind were limited, 120 years remained to the destruction of unbelievers from the earth during the global flood. Since the flood occurred when Noah, born in 3119 BC (see footnote 1 chart), was in his 600th year (Gen 7:11), or in 2519 BC, this occurred in 2639 BC (2519 BC + 120 years). Furthermore, the 120, or 6 x 20, years from 2639 BC, to the destruction of unbelievers at the time of the flood in 2519 BC are a clear foreshadowing of what are 4662, or 7 x 666 (note Rev 13:16-18 NIV*; Rev 19:20 concerning the number 666** and the antichrist), or 6 x 777, years from 2639 BC, to the destruction of unbelievers (Rev 19:11-21; Mt 24:37-41) in 2024 AD. Note, as well, that the third period of 666 years concludes in 641 BC, the year of the beginning of the rule of Josiah, who cleansed the land and the temple in his 18th, 3 x 6, regnal year (2 Chr 34:8), while the fourth concludes in 26 AD, the year of the beginning of Christ’s ministry when Christ also cleansed the temple (John 2:13-16), both cleansings also foreshadowing the destruction of unbelievers.
* Although this passage certainly refers to the number of an individual’s name, the antichrist’s, as having to do with the number six, the number six also has reference to humanity generally, and the first human, Adam, created on the sixth day, was part of a fine creation (Gen 1:26-31). Thus, this number (and all numbers), as the rest of the scriptures, indicate that the kingdom is established through both addition and subtraction.
** Note that God’s use, in this portion of his design in history, of the number of the antichrist, whose throne is given him by Satan (Rev 13:1-2), is in a context in which fallen angel’s who had rebelled with Satan against God (Is 14:12-15; Rev 12:3-4) had had sexual relations with human women (compare Gen 6:1-3; Job 1:6-7; Jude 1:6-7).
I – There are exactly 91 or 7 x 13 jubilees from 1406 BC, when the children of Israel entered the land of Canaan and began to count sabbatical years and years of jubilee, through the years 3053 AD, when the second resurrection and the final stage of God’s rest begins, and 3054 AD, the year of the inheritance in the new heaven and new earth and the year by which Christ will have inherited everything, including the portion that is both first and last (see main chart).
Editorial Addition (8/22/17): J – See the remaining pages of this website for further compelling confirmation.
Revised November 1, 2014 and March 25, 2015
Title change-April 30, 2016